The Ultimate Survival Guide for Expats Living in Korea 
This post shares vital info that will help you have a better time in Korea.
It has essential tips on:
- and more!
These are the things I wish someone told me when I moved to Korea in 2006.
Let’s check it out!
Korea changes quicker than any country I’ve lived in. This guide is accurate in 2021, but may become outdated in a year.
For example, Korean markets have added more overseas goods (yay limes, cilantro and jalapenos!) in the last few years. The availability of different flavors makes adapting to a new country easier. Also, activities like camping, weightlifting and tattoos became very popular all of a sudden.
Changes like these directly affect your quality of life in the country.
Read on to find out how to survive in South Korea as an expat.
Can foreigners live in South Korea?
You bet. I did for over a decade. 1,778,918 foreigners lived in South Korea in 2019, while 390,177 of them inhabited Seoul. There are a variety of services available for expats including tourism info and Korean language lessons. People are generally welcoming of non-Koreans, but aren’t always inclusive.
Can foreigners get jobs in South Korea?
Yes, it’s legal for foreigners to work in Korea with the right visas. There are jobs for people from every background and education-level. Although there are many types of work available, expect a top-down management style at most places.
Is it hard to move to South Korea?
Not at all if you’re prepared. Korea has been accepting expats for many decades, so the process is relatively streamlined. There are a few things to know that will make the move easier explained below.
Things to keep in mind while living in Korea
Korea, especially Seoul (think New York vs the rest of the U.S.), is a country of extremes. Expect extreme weather fluctuations, abrupt changes in air quality, service and food, and friendliness of people you encounter. I get the best and the worst service in the world, all in one day. Don’t take this personally. Life in Korea is hard. (I had a taste of it when I worked at a company) Someone could just be having a bad day.
In Korea, you must learn to take the bad with the good. You’ll have advantages and disadvantages as a foreigner. For example, there are many opportunities for expats. At the same time, you might be treated differently or attract unwanted attention. These both originate from the fact that foreigners are somewhat rare. Appreciating the positives and laughing off the negatives is the best way to cope.
Exploring your neighborhood in Korea
Scout your neighborhood in all directions. Make sure to check every side street and alley for hidden gems. Google misses a lot of them. I lived in Mapo for six years and found cozy cafes and things to do near me the entire time. Use a dictionary or Google Image translator to find out what signs mean if you don’t understand the language.
Find your safe place
This could be a park, café or friend’s house. Having a sure thing where you can feel comfortable and decompress is vital to surviving in Korea. Locals call this “healing” which is Konglish for rest and relaxation.
Finding good places to eat and chill in Korea
It takes me a while to find the right restaurants and quiet places to relax in a new neighborhood. You can’t rely on Naver or Yogiyo reviews, because many of them are paid for with discounts, bottles of soda or mints. Google Map reviews are scarce in smaller areas.
Recommendations from locals with some trial and error is the best way to figure out where to go. The good news is there are plenty of options when it comes to restaurants, cafes and even doctors.
You can afford to be picky and go to elsewhere if you don’t feel welcome. As a rule of thumb, smaller places run by the owner are a good bet.
Giving feedback and criticism in Korea
This one took me a decade to internalize. Giving feedback is mostly a poor use of time, unless you’re really close to the shop owner. Criticism of any kind is unwelcome and will be politely ignored in most cases.
Asking for small things like less sugar or spice can be ok at smaller restaurants. But don’t try it at a Kimbab Cheonguk (김밥 천국). This goes double if you’re trying to give advice, even at businesses that cater to expats. If they don’t ask for it, don’t give it.
Maintaining personal space in Korea
Until the COVID-19 pandemic, the concept of personal space was limited. This concept somewhat recently developed in the west during the Renaissance Period.
Korea is one big family. Expect to be gently nudged from different directions in public.
The good news is, you can nudge back. Subways and buses tend to be packed during rush hour. People will step on your shoes and bump you from behind, mostly unintentionally.
Take a deep breath and move somewhere less crowded. Like many things in Korea, don’t take this personally. Everyone does it to everyone.
Dealing with personal questions in Korea
Koreans can be an inquisitive bunch. And you sticking out like a sore thumb will intensify matters.
You’ll often be asked your age, country of origin and marital status within the first minute of encountering a new person. Take this as a compliment and not as an inquisition. They’re curious about you and that usually means they like you.
Like with the nudging, personal questions aren’t limited to expats.
Dealing with exclusion in Korea
If you see a sign that says, “no ______ allowed” in front of a place, and you fall under that category, don’t get upset. Anti-discrimination laws don’t exist in Korea.
These signs are put up often in response to recent events. (for example, ____ group of people caused trouble last week so they blanket banned everyone in it)
I’ve seen this apply to every ethnicity (Russians, Nigerians, Chinese, Americans, overseas Koreans etc.). I’ve even seen it apply overseas to other Koreans at businesses owned by Koreans.
Take a pic, share with your friends and laugh it off. The business in question will usually face a backlash online followed by a dip in sales, so let nature take its course.
Is Seoul good for expats?
It depends on what you’re looking for. If you want nonstop stimulation and unlimited things to do and don’t mind being in crowded places, it’s great.
Seoul and its surrounding suburbs, while containing half the population, are not representative of the country. Smaller cities and towns differ greatly when it comes to quality of life. If you’re not a big city person, you’ll want to consider other areas like Busan, Gyeongsang-do or Jeolla-do.
Smaller cities (less than 10 million people) offer funs things to do as well. You’ll also find the people more agreeable and relaxed.
Where do expats live in Seoul?
Expats aren’t limited to one neighborhood. You can find them all over the place, but they tend to congregate in the Itaewon (including Gyeonglidan, Haebangchon, Hannam and Yongsan) and Gangnam areas.
It’s safe to live all over the city as an expat. Make sure to check out your neighborhood online or in person before living there, since living conditions vary.
I made this mistake when I first moved to Korea and ended up in a half-basement room in a less-than reputable neighborhood, not unlike where the family in the movie Parasite lived.
Google Maps offers a street view of some parts of Korea. Naver Map can fill in the blanks.
Finding medicine and supplements in Korea
Some supplements like CBD, while legal, require a prescription (you need to suffer from something serious like epilepsy). If you order them to Korea, customs will hold them until you can provide proof of a prescription. So, plan accordingly.
Also, I recommend bringing any personal medication, including anti-depressants in bulk, because psychiatry is still a new field in Korea. I don’t recommend switching medications while in the country (happened to a friend who had a rough time).
Multivitamins and ibuprofen cost more in Korea. They don’t carry the big bottles of ibuprofen even at Costco. Better to buy them in bulk at CVS or Walgreens at home.
What kind of food should I eat in South Korea?
Korean food is my favorite for daily consumption. There are hundreds of dishes containing everything from soy beans to seaweed. So, make sure to get your fill.
Korean food is often cheap, healthy and delicious. You can pack your fridge with inexpensive side dishes (banchan) and eat well all year. That being said, it’s important to get some variety so you don’t get tired of it. Ordering groceries online will give you more options.
Rice besides Korean varieties are surprisingly hard to come by. So, if you miss Arborio, Basmati, Jasmine or any other type, try a foreign mart in your city.
Also, bring your favorite seasoning since it’ll be hard to find here.
Buying beef and pork in Korea
Unfortunately, beef is very expensive due to protectionism for Korean farmers. So, eat a steak before you come.
Pork is relatively inexpensive, and you can easily get your fix. That being said, good bacon is hard to come by. Make your own by adding salt, brown sugar and/or lime to pork belly, then storing it in the freezer.
Is it safe to drink tap water in Korea?
Tap water is safe to drink, but you might want to run it through a Brita filter just to be sure.
Buying clothes and shoes in Korea
You can find virtually any overseas brand in Korea, but they come at a premium.
Even Levi’s Jeans are considered somewhat upscale and cost a lot. I recommend bringing your own swimwear, lingerie, sportswear and shoes if possible.
There are outlets where you can buy clothes at a slight discount, but expect to pay more than you would at home. For example, an Under Armour hoodie goes for 140 USD at the mall in 2020.
Also, sizes run a bit smaller in Korea, so if you’re a medium in your home country, you’ll be a large here.
Shoe sizes are in cm, so make sure to convert them.
Returns and exchanges are not a sure thing. They really depend on the store and the clerk’s mood at the time. Women have a special type of eye shadow they use called, hwanbul (환불 or refund) eye makeup, that makes them look tougher when they try to get one.
Duty free shopping can save you money if you know how to do it right.
What to know about nightlife in Korea
Nightlife in Korea is fun and safe. Here are a few tips to be aware of before letting your hair down.
Like in any country, especially homogenous ones, men can be territorial about their women, even if they don’t know them. Make sure you’re in a foreign-friendly place before you start chatting up the opposite gender. Koreans usually stay with their group and socialize among themselves instead of meeting new people.
Laws protecting women differ from most countries, so make sure to have a friend who will watch out for you. (The laws are getting stronger, but it’s a work in progress) Police tend to have conservative viewpoints when it comes to females out at night. Also, don’t be surprised if men approach from behind to dance with you at a club.
Gay clubs do exist and can be a lot of fun, but keep in mind that public displays of affection, especially between the same gender are still viewed in a less than positive light. The exception to this is men holding hands while drunk and women holding hands at any time.
Who should I socialize with in Korea?
Do hang out with locals. They know how to blow off steam and make full use of everything Korea has to offer.
When you’re out with Koreans, it’s common to enjoy 5 courses (restaurant, bar, club, noraebang, pojangmacha) in one night. Expect to eat side dishes at every bar you go to. (some places require you to order food even if you just want to drink). These can range from a bowl of nuts to what seems like an entire meal.
Koreans are very warm and affectionate once you get to know them. I’ve had the pleasure of meeting people’s families and going on day trips with them.
They’ll even invite you to their weddings, even if you barely know them. This is sometimes done to collect money and inflate the guest list.
Expats you socialize with will set the tone of your experience. They can be a good support group or a blackhole of negativity that sucks you in. If you notice that a person spends most of their time complaining about the country, you’d do better to spend time with someone else.
Where should I go out in Korea?
Check out different neighborhoods. Even quiet “bed towns” like Ilsan or Suwon have more than one district where things are happening at night.
There are too many to count in Seoul, so you can find the right one for you. The general vibe and age range differ in each neighborhood.
Sinchon and Hongdae will skew towards college students, while Daehangro will have more young professionals. Jongo is great for people over 50. Exploring is half the fun.
Which apps and websites should I use in Korea?
Korea has some pretty nifty apps and websites. Here are a few that you’ll want to try:
- SSG Baesong Online shopping
- Kakao T (taxi app)
- Market Kurly
- Naver Map
- Shuttle Delivery
What are the seasons like in Korea?
Korea has had four distinct seasons for many centuries. In the last 10 years though, climate change has blurred the lines a bit.
You can expect tropical weather in summer and arctic cold in winter. The following are guidelines, but make sure to check the forecast before leaving the house.
From March to May, Korea is a wonderful place. There are a few months where the temperature is perfect and you really appreciate it. You’ll just need a light jacket in the early morning and late evening. Flowers bloom, people are happier and there’s magic in the air.
There’s also fine dust from China as well as locally grown varieties. This is becoming true throughout the year. Make sure to get an air purifier because it will pay for itself in better sleep quality and overall well-being. Also, it doesn’t hurt to get some n94 masks which are cheap and abundant throughout the country. They’re also socially acceptable to wear at any time, so don’t be shy.
On the plus side, cherry blossoms adorn the streets bringing hope and anticipation for better things to come.
- Light jacket
- N94 masks
From June to August, things are hot and getting hotter each year. Expect temperatures to be 25-35 degrees. When it’s not hot, it’s rainy from late June to late July. This includes typhoons that have been visiting more frequently. In 2020, the rainy season didn’t end until October.
Summer is the perfect time to go to a beach and people watch. Prices for accommodation spike in the summer, especially in Busan, so make sure you don’t move with the crowd. Go to lesser-known areas for a more relaxing time. There are a few fun pool parties throughout the country you can check out as well.
- Hand held fan
- Rain coat
From September to November, expect crisp, dry air and temperatures from 10-25 degrees. It’s probably the most beautiful time of the year with fall foliage bringing vivid reds and orange colors. Fall is hiking season. Check out the more popular mountains for some great views. Also, make sure to visit smaller, lesser-known ones for tranquility.
Chuseok is a great time to stay where you are, especially in Seoul, because half of the inhabitants leave. I don’t recommend traveling during this time. Stay local and enjoy some parks or mountains. Getting some good moisturizers is also a good idea, since the air starts getting dry.
From December to February, expect temperatures in the minus 10-to-10-degree range. It’s a great time to go snowboarding/skiing at one of the many resorts. I don’t prefer cold weather, so I made it a point to go somewhere warm for as long as possible.
People are out less but they’re often grumpier than usual. Even in minus 20-degree weather, neighborhoods like Hongdae and Shinsa are packed. If you’re in Korea, it’s a good time to take up an indoor activity that requires movement like salsa dancing or cooking. Watch out for seasonal depression amplified by excess alcohol consumption. It’s easy to get into a funk without even realizing it.
Like with Chuseok, it’s not a good idea to travel during Seollal, even overseas. People are going abroad more often during the two main holidays.
- Heated blanket
- Thick coat, scarves, socks and gloves
Can foreigners start a business in South Korea?
Yes, you can with an F or D-series Visa. If you love living in Korea and want to put down roots, starting a business is a great way to improve your quality of life.
Did we miss anything?
Korea can be a great place to live as an expat. Just make sure to be aware of a few things in order to have a good time.
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Let us know what your favorite survival tip is in the comments!
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