The Ultimate Korean Translation Guide for 2020

by Richard Walker
Last updated on May 10, 2020

25 minute read

Need help with Korean translation?

Looking for Korean translation jobs?

Or just want to find the latest translation apps?

This guide covers all the info you need to know about Korean translation.

It includes everything from how to translate to using a Korean translation service.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Korean translation has been performed for hundreds of years.

The language itself originates in 300 BC, but Hangeul, the modern alphabet, was created in 1442 AD.

Today, Korean translation is a robust industry with the large amount of products and culture that Korea exports.

There are many lucrative career opportunities related to the industry.

Or it can be a fun way to understand Kpop and Kdramas better.

What is Korean translation?

Korean translation is the conversion of another language into Korean or vice versa.

For example, you can translate English writing into Korean or Korean writing into English.

This can be performed by people, software or a combination of both.

Is Google Translate accurate for Korean?

Yes and no. But mostly no.

Google Translate has improved by leaps and bounds since it was first created.

It’s an amazing tool that is good for plain, everyday language.

But for anything more complex than simple phrases, it isn’t reliable.

For example, Korean and English are very different languages in both origin and structure.

Their sentence structures don’t even match.

Google Translate can’t reconcile these differences, especially with sentences containing multiple clauses.

Both languages have numerous idioms and concepts that have no equivalent in their counterpart.

Literal translations of these terms performed by Google Translate will yield awkward phrasing at best.

What is the best Korean translator?

The best Korean translator is a professional with decades of translation experience armed with terminology and translation software.

The only thing better is a pair of native Korean and English-speaking professionals collaborating to get the best blend of localized and accurate translation.

How do I become a Korean translator?

There’s no internationally recognized certification to become a Korean translator.

You also don’t need a degree.

The best way is to have a passion for languages and spend decades learning about their nuances.

At Lingua Asia, we’re a collective of native Korean and native English speakers who have studied both languages for decades, both in academic settings and in the real world.

How hard is Korean translation?

Hard, but the level of difficulty depends on the language pair.

Korean to and from Japanese is easier than Mandarin Chinese.

Korean to and from English is considerably harder than the previously mentioned pairs.

On a scale of 1-10 in terms of difficulty:

  • Korean/Japanese would be 7
  • Korean/Chinese would be 8
  • Korean/English would be 9

This is because English is very different from Korean.

For example, some grammar rules in Korean are more logical than their English counterparts and vice versa, so native speakers in both are necessary for accurate and well-written translation.

Korean speakers often struggle with article usage (a/the) in English, because the rules are inconsistent.

On the other hand, English speakers have trouble with topic (은/는) and particle (이/가) markers in Korean, which do not exist in English.

These differences can lead to major errors, making it especially hard to find reliable Korean and English translators.

What is the best Korean translation app?

There are numerous auto translation apps including:

  • Google Translate
  • Naver Dictionary
  • Papago Translate
  • Greenlife Korean English Translator
  • Daum dictionary
  • Klays-Development Korean-English Translator
  • SayHi
  • Genie Talk

They all have their pros and cons, but work well for simple phrases like when you’re traveling or ordering at a restaurant.

When is a Korean translator needed?

A human translator is necessary for important documents where accuracy and sounding natural is vital.

This can include product manuals, legal documents, marketing material, medical documents, software, etc.

A Korean translation company is a good idea when an extra layer of quality control is necessary.

Especially for customer facing documents and other times when large amounts of money are on the line.

Who can become a Korean translator?

It’s a good idea to be a native speaker in the target language you’re translating into.

For example, if you’re doing Korean to English, it’s very helpful to be a native English speaker.

That way you’ll have mastery over one of the languages.

There are exceptions to this rule, but there are very few that can be effective translators this way.

Being bilingual is not always enough. You have to have sense for communication and be very focused.

You must have a passion for languages and be detail-oriented.

It also doesn’t hurt to be patient and be willing to ask for help from native speakers in the source language.

Why should I become a Korean and English translator?

It may seem like a difficult and thankless job, but there are many advantages to becoming a Korean translator.

  • Stimulating. It’s very interesting to learn about the two different languages.
  • Plenty of work. Korea and English speaking countries have robust economies. There’s a lot of import and export between them. This leads to numerous documents that need to be translated.
  • Job security. There aren’t many good Korean and English translators compared to say, English and Spanish translators. Once you have a decent skill set, you can get regular clients relatively easy.
  • High income. If you’re reliable and skilled, you can charge enough to live comfortably.
  • Work from home. You don’t need to go into an office in order to translate.

When should I become a Korean translator?

The sooner the better, although I’ve met people who started in their 40s.

This was possible because they had been bilingual for many years.

Where can I find Korean translator jobs?

There are many websites where you can find job postings including:

Where can I find a good Korean translator?

Look no further. You found the best!

Here are some tips when translating Korean.


Korean translation tips

1. Alphabet

Fortunately, the Korean language has an alphabet invented by King Sejong.

It’s very different from English, and in many ways more logical and consistent, since a team of scholars was involved in the creation process.

This does make Romanization of English words into Korean difficult.

Korean Alphabet Chart

There are numerous sounds in Korean that don’t exist in English and vice versa.

This can be confusing since the rules of Romanization created in 1972 continue to be changed.

It’s important to use the current standard of Romanization.

Example: Sinchon, Sincheon and Sicheong are all very different places. They’re especially hard to keep straight if you’ve never been to Korea.

This is important when translating addresses in contracts, because the wrong name or address can invalidate everything.

To make matters more interesting, North Korea uses Hangeul a little differently.

Hangeul Korean alphabet
The Korean alphabet is a scientific marvel

2. Three Numeral Systems

Korean uses native Korean numbers and Sino-Korean numbers, which are based on Chinese.

There are also ordinal numbers that stem from the Korean system.

NumeralSino-KoreanNative KoreanOrdinal
0공 (gong)
영 (yeong)
제로 (jero)
                    1일 (il)하나 (hana)첫째 (cheot-jjae)
                    2이 (ee)둘 (dul)둘째 (dul-jjae)
                    3삼 (sam)셋 (set)셋째 (set-jjae)
                    4사 (sa)넷 (net)넷째 (net-jjae)
                    5오 (o)다섯 (dah-seot)다섯째 (dah-seot-jjae)
                    6육 (yuk)여섯 (yeo-seot)여섯째 (yeo-seot-jjae)
                    7칠 (chil)일곱 (il-gop)일곱째 (il-gop-jjae)
                    8팔 (pal)여덟 (yeo-deol)여덟째 (yeo-deol-jjae)
                    9구 (gu)아홉 (ah-hop) 아홉째 (ah-hop-jjae)
                  10십 (ship)열 (yeol)열째 (yeol-jjae)
                  11십일 (ship-il)열하나 (yeol-hana) 열한째 (yeol-han-jjae)
                  12십이 (ship-ee)열둘 (yeol-dul)열둘째 (yeol-dul-jjae)
                  13십삼 (ship-sam)열셋 (yeol-set)열셋째 (yeol-set-jjae)
                  14십사 (ship-sa)열넷 (yeol-net) 열넷째 (yeol-net-jjae)
                  15십오 (ship-o)열다섯 (yeol-dah-seot)  열다섯째 (yeol-dah-seot-jjae)
                  16십육 (ship-yuk)열여섯 (yeol-yeo-seot) 열여섯째 (yeol-yeo-seot-jjae)
                  17십칠 (ship-chil)열일곱 (yeol-il-gop) 열일곱째 (yeol-il-gop-jjae)
                  18십팔 (ship-pal)열여덟 (yeol-yeo-deol)  열여덟째 (yeol-yeo-deol-jjae)
                  19십구 (ship-gu)열아홉 (yeol-ah-hop)  열아홉째 (yeol-ah-hop-jjae)
                  20이십 (ee-ship)스물 (seu-mul) 스물째 (seu-mul-jjae)
                  30삼십 (sam-ship)서른 (seo-reun) 서른째 (seo-reun-jjae)
                  40사십 (sa-ship)마흔 (mah-heun)  마흔째 (mah-heun-jjae)
                  50오십 (o-ship)쉰 (shin) 쉰째 (shin-jjae)
                  60육십 (yuk-ship)예순 (ye-sun) 예순째 (ye-sun-jjae)
                  70칠십 (chil-ship)일흔 (il-heun) 일흔째 (il-heun-jjae)
                  80팔십 (pal-ship)여든 (yeo-deun) 여든째 (yeo-deun-jjae)
                  90구십 (gu-ship)아흔 (ah-heun) 아흔째 (ah-heun-jjae)
                100백 (baek)온 (on)온째 (on-jjae)
백째 (baek-jjae)
                200이백 (ee-baek)이백째 (ee-baek-jjae)
                300삼백 (sam-baek)삼백째 (sam-baek-jjae)
                400사백 (sa-baek)사백째 (sa-baek-jjae)
                500오백 (o-baek)오백째 (o-baek-jjae)
                600육백 (yuk-baek)육백째 (yuk-baek-jjae)
                700칠백 (chil-baek)칠백째 (chil-baek-jjae)
                800팔백 (pal-baek)팔백째 (pal-baek-jjae)
                900구백 (gu-baek)구백째 (gu-baek-jjae)
              1,000천 (cheon) 즈믄 (jeu-meun)천째 (cheon-jjae)
              2,000이천 (ee-cheon)이천째 (ee-cheon-jjae)
              3,000삼천 (sam-cheon) 삼천째 (sam-cheon-jjae)
              4,000 사천 (sa-cheon)사천째 (sa-cheon-jjae)
              5,000오천 (o-cheon)오천째 (o-cheon-jjae)
              6,000육천 (yuk-cheon)육천째 (yuk-cheon-jjae)
              7,000칠천 (chil-cheon)칠천째 (chil-cheon-jjae)
              8,000팔천 (pal-cheon)팔천째 (pal-cheon-jjae)
              9,000구천 (gu-cheon)구천째 (gu-cheon-jjae)
            10,000만 (mahn)골 (gol) 만째 (mahn-jjae)
            20,000이만 (ee-mahn)이만째 (ee-mahn-jjae)
            30,000 삼만 (sam-mahn)삼만째 (sam-mahn-jjae)
            40,000 사만 (sa-mahn)사만째 (sa-mahn-jjae)
            50,000오만 (o-mahn)오만째 (o-mahn-jjae)
            60,000육만 (yuk-mahn)육만째 (yuk-mahn-jjae)
            70,000칠만 (chil-mahn)칠만째 (chil-mahn-jjae)
            80,000 팔만 (pal-mahn)팔만째 (pal-mahn-jjae)
            90,000구만 (gu-mahn)구만째 (gu-mahn-jjae)
           100,000십만 (ship-mahn)십만째 (ship-mahn-jjae)
        1,000,000백만 (baek-mahn)백만째 (baek-mahn-jjae)
       10,000,000천만 (cheon-mahn) 천만째 (cheon-mahn-jjae)
     100,000,000억 (eok) 잘 (jahl)억째 (eok-jjae)
   1,000,000,000조 (jo)울 (ul) 조째 (jo-jjae)

This is akin to English using Hindu-Arabic numbers as well as Roman numerals in rare cases such as Superbowls and Rocky movies.

However, the Korean number systems are used daily in different situations.

For example, Korean numbers are used for counting people, objects and age; while Chinese-based numbers are for counting money, dates, addresses and phone numbers.

Beyond 100, Korean numbers are not often used and Sino-Korean numbers take over.

Using the incorrect number system sounds strange to Koreans.

Also, understanding number systems provides very helpful context clues when translating into English.

One can predict the type of object being counted when it’s not specified in the source text, which happens frequently in Korean.

3. Slang and Abbreviations

Koreans are very much into trends.

Word choice is no exception and there are numerous ways to play with words in Korean.

Example: when Koreans learn vocabulary, they remember the opposite word.

This enters into their vernacular with expressions like 금수저 (gold spoon) or 흙수저 (dirt spoon). Which are the equivalent of being born with a silver spoon in one’s mouth or not.

아라 or “arah” is an abbreviation of 아이라인 or “eye line”.

It’s very difficult for a non-native Korean speaker to understand these abbreviations, because 아라 can be a girl’s name as well.

The usage of newly developed slang becomes ubiquitous almost instantaneously given the connectivity and homogeneity of the people.

It’s important to keep up with these words, especially when translating marketing copy.

4. Sentence Structure

While English sentence structure is Subject-Verb-Object, Korean sentence structure is usually Subject-Object-Verb, with some exceptions.

Example: “남자가 고양이를 보았다” which is literally, “man cat saw”.

We would translate this to “The man saw a cat.”

This can cause confusion regarding who is doing what to whom when translating.

5. Advanced Sentence Structure

There are also situations where you are dealing with sentences with multiple objects, which are common.

As stated above, the order can be switched even further with the object coming before the subject.

Example: 준호가 신문을 본다, “Joonho newspaper reads” which can also be acceptably written as 신문을 준호가 본다, “newspaper Joonho reads”.

In these situations it’s very important to pay attention to the object markers and the context of the sentence.

reliable Korean translation
Korean sentence structure is not intuitive for English speakers

6. Multiple Objects

There are times when there’s more than one object in a sentence.

Example, 영미는 짜장면을 세 그릇을 주문했다, “Yeongmi Jjajangmyeon (black bean sauce noodle) three bowls ordered.”

This makes little sense in English, and should be translated to, “Yeongmi ordered three bowls of black bean sauce noodles.”

It’s important to be familiar with these situations, so you can preserve their meaning.

7. Use of Subjects and Objects

Often times the subject or object is left out of a sentence, making it confusing for English speakers.

In fact, ellipsis, or omission of a subject or object occurs 69.22% of the time for subjects, 13.78% of the time for objects in Korean.

Ellipsis occurs for 31.5% of subjects, 7.67% of objects in English.

The reason for this is Korean is focused more on the verb ending due to the use of honorifics.

The verb is the center of Korean sentences whereas in English the noun is the center of a sentence.

Example: It would not be uncommon to see “고양이를 보았다” or “cat saw”.

This sentence is confusing because we don’t know who the subject is.

It would be necessary to look at the context to figure it out.

The verb ending tells us this is a plain statement where someone saw a cat, and who it was is not important.

A mix up in the subject and object can alter the meaning of a sentence greatly and lead to misunderstandings.

8. Adjective Use

Koreans love their adjectives.

They often use multiple ones in a sentence that sometimes become redundant.

If all redundant adjectives were translated in the following sentence, 수분감이 풍성하고 촉촉한 느낌의 피부보습 모이스춰라이징 크림, it would be “a skin hydrating moisturizing cream with rich moisture and a moist feeling”.

It’s important to choose the key adjectives in the previous example in order to preserve meaning and not sound ridiculous.

Using this example, “a skin hydrating moisturizing cream with a rich moisture and a moist feeling.” could be a potential solution.

9. Adjective Variety

There are many different versions of adjectives that are commonly used.

Example: even a simple word like “Yellow” could be “노랗다”, “노르스름하다“, “누렇다“, “누리끼리하다“, “노릇노릇하다“, “누리팅팅하다“ or “샛노랗다“.

These are used depending on the situation to elicit different emotions.

Example: 노릇노릇하다 is normally used to describe the color of food.

샛노랗다 is used for the color of flowers or clothes.

Mixing these up will change the tone of the sentence and potentially sound awkward.

10. Counting System

While Koreans write numbers with commas between the 1000’s digits like in English, they express numbers differently.

In English, numbers are divided by 1,000’s and follow the same pattern with 3 zeros (i.e. 1,000 = one thousand, 100,000 = one hundred thousand, etc.).

In Korean, they rise by 4 zeros, starting with 10,000 (만/mahn), 100,000,000 (억/eok) 1,000,000,000,000 (조/jo).

Example: Korea has a recorded history of 5,000 years, but call it “ban mahn nyeon” or “half of 10,000 years”.

In regards to money, 100,000 (one hundred thousand) would be called ship mahn or ten ten thousand in Korean.

This is further complicated by the exchange rate between the Won and the US Dollar, which is roughly 1,000 to 1.

10억 or one billion won is equal to roughly one million usd.

Being off by a zero can create major issues down the road, especially when translating financial documents.

11. Konglish

Korean has many Konglish words, which are English words with completely different meanings.

The most commonly used example being, “fighting”, which is actually a word of encouragement or a cheer.

Examples:

  • Steering wheel would be 자동차 핸들 (car handle).
  • Commercial would be CF광고 (CF advertisement).
  • Trench coat would be 버버리 or 바바리 (Burberry).
  • Stainless Steel would be 스텐 (stain).
  • Rest and relaxation would be 힐링 (healing).

A recent example is the tourism slogan for Seoul, which was previously “Hi Seoul” and is currently, “I.Seoul.You”.

This was selected by a panel of linguists, government officials and private citizens.

The slogan for the Korea Tourism Board was “Korea, Sparkling” then “Imagine Your Korea”. Now they’ve settled for the confusing, “Visit Korea for Me“.

In the past, “미팅 (meeting)” could mean “blind date”, which is confusing at work.

“약속 (Appointment or promise)” is usually used to denote plans or even meetings.

Recently, more Koreans are using “meeting” to actually mean a business meeting, while still using it at times to refer to blind dates, which are very common in Korea.

FYI, Koreans use “소개팅 (introduction-ting)” for blind dates now.

There are numerous examples of Konglish and it’s important to either consult a Korean or double check the meanings of seemingly English words.

12. Honorifics

Honorifics take a lifetime to master and are the foundation of Korean language and culture.

There are two main categories of speech, 존댓말 (jondaemal) and 반말 (banmal), or higher and lower levels.

Within these two categories, there are seven levels of speech, with only four being used today:

  • 하십시오 (Hashipshio) – polite formal
  • 해요 (Haeyo) – polite for daily use
  • 해라 (Haera) – plain for speaking among friends
  • 해 (Hae) – an intimate style reserved for close friends or children

The different verb endings are a remnant of the time when Korea had a rigid class system. Now they’re mainly for your age and title.

You’re either higher or lower than the person you are speaking to.

You can also denote your level with verb endings.

The rules are too complicated to cover here, but there are two main issues you should be aware of:

  • how to address someone
  • how to refer to oneself

You can raise the level of the person you’re speaking to and lower the level of yourself depending on the pronoun, object and verb you use.

As you can imagine, using these forms incorrectly will greatly damage the credibility of your translation.

13. Advanced Honorifics

To make matters more confusing, when speaking to someone about someone else, you must calculate the relative difference in position between the person you’re referring to and the person you are speaking to.

This is known as 압존법 or “relative honorifics”.

The National Institute of Korean Language is trying to convince people not to use 압존법 since it’s a remnant of Japanese colonization.

However, it’s still absolutely vital in many Korean workplaces.

Example: You must change the postpositional particle and verb if the person you are speaking to is a higher position (age, title, etc.) than the person you are referring to.

“부장님, 이 과장님은 지금 자리에 안 계십니다” means, “General Manager, Manager Lee is not at his desk now”, with the bolded parts elevating the Manager higher than the General Manager, even though they both are in a higher position than you.

In this situation, your General Manager would scold you by saying, “So, Manager Lee is higher than me?”

If you’re off at all, you’ll look less educated (i.e. your parents are ignorant/didn’t bother teaching you etiquette) or even disrespectful.

Most Koreans perfect this while working at their first company job as it’s confusing even for them.

14. Sentence Length

The quality of a writer in Korea is based on how long their sentences are.

When translating into English, it’s important to know where to break sentences with multiple clauses to preserve meaning and continuity.

Likewise, it’s important to extend the length of sentences by combining them when translating from English to Korean in order to sound intelligent.

For example, “이 계획에 의하면, 비영리 사단법인인 우리글진흥원을 통해 구에서 발행하는 ‘중랑구소식’을 비롯한 생활정보문, 홍보물 등을 감수토록 하였으며, 직원들의 글쓰기 능력을 키워줄 ‘공공문장 바로 쓰기’ 특강을 개설할 예정이다.”, is one sentence of an article from Herald Corporation.

It has 3 clauses and the subject isn’t even mentioned once.

One would have to guess from the context that it’s about a “revised plan”.

Again, it helps to have a Korean check your work when tackling sentences of this length.

15. Spacing

A misplaced space would equal a typo in English.

However, it can alter the meaning of a word or sentence in Korean.

For example, the word “안심하다” means “it’s a relief”, however, “안 심하다” with a space means “it’s not severe”.

To the untrained eye, both examples look acceptable in a sentence, even though they mean different things.

Korean spacing
Korean spacing requires attention to detail

16. Units

Pyeong is a uniquely Korean measurement unit for area that is approximately 3.3 ㎡.

It’s mostly used for the measurement of real estate.

Needless to say, it’s important not to mix up units of measurement in a document.

17. Singular and Plural Nouns

While there’s a way to denote singular and plural nouns, they’re not used often by Koreans.

Whether a noun is meant to be singular or plural is something that Korean speakers can decipher.

18. Verbs and Adjectives

The difference between verbs and adjectives is blurred in Korean.

Adjectives can be used as verbs without adding the “be” verb.

A commonly used example of this is 바쁘다 (busy) being used in a sentence as “바빠요”, which means, “I’m busy”.

There’s no separate verb or subject in the sentence, but it’s built into the adjective.

19. Gender Specific Pronouns

Korean doesn’t use gender specific pronouns.

This makes it difficult to know which pronoun to use in English.

Context is key in understanding whether a male or female is being referenced.

Koreans are inherently good at this.

20. Definite and Indefinite Articles

Korean doesn’t use articles such as “a” and “the”.

This makes it challenging to choose the proper article in English when translating from Korean.

Especially when it’s unclear whether the noun is a proper noun or has been referred to in the text.

21. Phonology

Korean is predominantly a syllable-timed language, unlike English, which is a stress-timed language.

This means that all syllables receive equal stress and are spoken with flat intonation.

Korean may sound somewhat robotic to English-speakers.

22. Critical Typos

Typos in English often make the intended word gibberish.

In Korean, however, words are formed with syllable blocks of either: 

  • one consonant + one vowel (가)
  • one consonant + one vowel + one consonant (각) 
  • one consonant + one vowel + one double consonant (깍)

Each syllable block can form a word on its own and often has multiple meanings.

If either the consonant or vowel is off, the meaning of the word can change while still having meaning.

Example: 가지, 거지 and 까지 are all different by one consonant or vowel, but mean “eggplant”, “beggar” and “until” respectively.

It takes a keen eye and deep understanding of the language to recognize the difference between typos and intended words.

Typos in Korean translation
Typos in Korean translation can make a word unrecognizable

23. Subject-Verb Agreement

Korean sentences don’t require the verb to correspond in number with the subject.

For example in English, “they like” does not include the “s” while “he likes” adds the “s”; whereas Korean verbs are not conjugated in agreement with the subject.

Due to this, translation from Korean to English can be a bit trickier.

It’s also a reason why it takes ESL students longer to remember the -s ending in the third person singular present simple tense.

24. Past Tense

Koreans usually reference the past through a single past tense.

This makes it difficult to choose the right tense from several possibilities (present perfect, past perfect continuous, past simple etc.) when translating into English.

25. Self vs Situation

Korean doesn’t normally reference the “self” in sentences.

The actual situation is more important than where the person fits into it.

An example of this is when asking for directions in Korean, one would say, “여기 어디에요?”, or “where’s here?”.

While in English, one would normally ask, “where am I?”.

It would be considered childish to ask in Korean, “내가 어디에요?” or “where am I?”.

Due to this, it’s easy for native Koreans to recognize Gyopos (overseas Koreans) when they speak, since they tend to violate this norm.

26. Addressing Others

In English, we take for granted being able to address someone directly with the word “you”.

While in Korean, you can use the word “you”, but will be considered very impolite if addressing anyone other than your friends or young children.

There is a sophisticated etiquette of referring others by either their job title, name of their first born, relative age or relationship to you.


Korean to English translation techniques

Translating Korean sentences with “and” + “or”

Step 1. Identify the conjunction (접속사)

  • 촉촉하고 부드러운 제품을 원하시는 분
  • Customers who want a moist and smooth product
  • 풍성하고 조밀한 텍스처를 원하시는 분
  • Customers who want rich and dense texture
  • 트러블이 나거나 민감해진 피부를 진정시키고 싶은 분
  • Customers who want to soothe troubled or sensitive skin
  • 외부 활동이 많거나 유해물질로부터 피부를 보호하고 싶은 분
  • Customers who want to protect skin from outdoor activities or harmful substances

Step 2. Identify object and adjectives 

  • 촉촉하고 부드러운 제품을 원하시는 분
  • Customers who want a moist and smooth product
  • 풍성 하고 조밀한 텍스처를 원하시는 분
  • Customers who want rich and dense texture
  • 트러블이 나거나 민감해진 피부를 진정시키고 싶은 분
  • Customers who want to soothe troubled or sensitive skin
  • 외부 활동이 많거나 유해물질로부터 피부를 보호하고 싶은 분
  • Customers who want to protect skin from outdoor activities or harmful substances

Translating Korean sentences with “that” + “as well as”

Step 1. Identify “that” + “as well as”

  • 노폐물까지 제거하는 클렌징 효과
  • Cleansing effect that removes impurities
  • 각질도 제거하는 클렌징 효과
  • Cleansing effect that exfoliates
  • 노폐물뿐만 아니라 각질도 제거하는 클렌징 효과
  • Cleansing effect that removes impurities as well as dead skin cells

Step 2. Identify subjectverb and object

  • 노폐물까지 제거하는 클렌징 효과
  • Cleansing effect that removes impurities
  • 각질도 제거하는 클렌징 효과
  • Cleansing effect that exfoliates / removes dead skin cells
  • 노폐물뿐만 아니라 각질도 제거하는 클렌징 효과
  • Cleansing effect that removes impurities as well as dead skin cells

Translating Korean sentences with “while” + “for” + “with”

Step 1. Identify “while” + “for” + “with”

  • 피부에는 순하면서 클렌징은 완벽하게
  • Perfect cleansing while being mild on skin
  • 면역 강화를 위한 맞춤 솔루션
  • Customized solutions for strengthening the immune system
  • 보습막으로 샐 틈 없는 보습
  • Seamless hydration with a moisture barrier
  • 히아루론산과 보습막으로 촉촉하게
  • Moist with hyaluronic acid and a moisture barrier

Translating Korean sentences with “and” + “as ” + “before” + “after”

Step 1. Identify  “and” + “as ” + “before” + “after”

  • 오일 밤을 핸드크림 믹스해 핸드 마사지를 하며 발라도 좋아요
  • You can mix the Oil Balm with a hand cream and apply it to your hands
  • 피부에 서서히 흡수되면서 굉장히 촉촉해져요
  • As it is slowly absorbed into my skin, my face becomes extremely moisturized
  • 베이스 메이크업 전에 이마와 볼에 소량 발라서 윤기를 표현하죠
  • Before base make-up, I apply a small amount of the oil balm to my forehead and cheeks for radiance
  • 스팀 타월을 한 후에 오일 밤을 피부에 팩처럼 고르게 펴 바르죠
  • After using a hot towel, I evenly apply the oil balm all over my face, like a mask

Translating Korean sentences with “and” + “along” + “at” + “after”

Step 1. Identify  “and” + “along” + “at” + “after”

  • 부드럽게 펴 바른  가볍게 두드려 흡수 시킵니다.
  • Evenly apply and lightly pat to absorb.
  • 얼굴 안쪽에서 바깥쪽으로 피부결을 따라 부드럽게 닦아냅니다.
  • Gently wipe from the center of the face outwards along skin texture.
  • 세안  스킨 단계에서 손바닥에 적당량 덜어 얼굴에 도포한  그대로 흡수시킵니다.
  • At the toner step after cleansing, take a sufficient amount on your palm, apply to skin and allow it to be absorbed.
  • 화장솜에 소량을 덜어 피부결을 따라 부드럽게 닦아내어 톡톡 두드려 흡수시켜 줍니다.
  • Take a small amount on a cotton pad, gently apply along skin texture and lightly pat to absorb.

Step 2. Identify the verb and adverb

  • 부드럽게 펴 바른 후 가볍게 두드려 흡수 시킵니다.
  • Evenly apply and lightly pat to absorb.
  • 얼굴 안쪽에서 바깥쪽으로 피부결을 따라 부드럽게 닦아냅니다.
  • Gently wipe from the center of the face outwards along skin texture.

Translating Korean sentences with “contains” + “extracts” 

Step 1. Identify  “contains” + “extracts” 

  • 프레시한 시트러스 향기가 나는 레몬 버베나의 추출물이 함유되어 있다.
  • Contains lemon verbena extract with a fresh citrus scent.
  • 알로에베라 추출물과 편백수 함유로 피부진정+수분공급+피부정화 효과가 우수합니다.
  • Contains Aloe Vera extract and cypress water for an excellent soothing + hydrating + purifying effect.
  • 백금성분과 장미잎이 함유되어 피부를 부드럽게 가꾸어 주는 마스크
  • A mask containing platinum and roseleaf that softens skin

Translating Korean Marketing Copy 

Step 1. Identify subject +  adjectives  

  • 개념 립 잉크
  • new concept of Lip Ink
  • 무게감 제로! 선명한 앙큼 발색!
  • Zero weightVivid, cute color!
  • MT도 두렵지 않아!
  • No worries about weekend getaways!
  • 불가리아장미수와 이중보습층으로 촉촉하게
  • Hydrates with Bulgarian Rose Water and dual moisturizing layers
  • 지저분한 입술각질 Bye Bye~!
  • Say goodbye to messy keratin on lips~!

Translating long Korean sentences by breaking them up

How would you translate this long sentence?

크리미한 거품이 피부 노폐물을 부드럽게 제거해주면서 풍부한 영양으로 가득한 우유 단백질이
촉촉하고 매끄러운 마무리감을 선사하는 마일드한 사용감의 폼 클렌징입니다.

Step 1. Divide it into smaller sentences

크리미한 거품이 피부 노폐물을 부드럽게 제거해주면서 /
풍부한 영양으로 가득한 우유 단백질이 /
촉촉하고 매끄러운 마무리감을 선사하는 /
마일드한 사용감의 폼 클렌징입니다.

Step 2. Identify subjectverb and object

  • 거품이 피부 노폐물을 제거합니다.
  • Foam removes skin impurities.
  • 우유 단백질이 촉촉하고 매끄러운 마무리감을 선사합니다.
  • Milk protein provides moist, smooth finish.
  • 폼 클렌징입니다.
  • It’s a foam cleanser.
  • 크리미한 거품이 피부 노폐물을 부드럽게 제거해줍니다.
  • Creamy foam gently removes skin impurities.

Step 3. Bundle dependent clauses

  • 풍부한 영양으로 가득한 우유 단백질이 촉촉하고 매끄러운 마무리감을 선사합니다.
  • Milk protein full of nutrients provides moist, smooth finish.
  • 마일드한 사용감의 폼 클렌징입니다.
  • It’s foam cleanser with mild texture.

Step 4. Find the connective

  • 크리미한 거품이 피부 노폐물을 부드럽게 제거해주면서
  • While its creamy foam gently removes skin impurities,

Step 5. Find the verbs

  • 크리미한 거품이 피부 노폐물을 부드럽게 제거해주면서 풍부한 영양으로 가득한 우유 단백질이 촉촉하고 매끄러운 마무리감을 선사하는 마일드한 사용감의 폼 클렌징입니다.
  • While its creamy foam gently removes skin impurities, milk protein full of nutrients provides a moist, smooth finish. It’s a foam cleanser with mild texture.

Step 5. Restructure

  • 크리미한 거품이 피부 노폐물을 부드럽게 제거해주면서 / 풍부한 영양으로 가득한 우유 단백질이 촉촉하고 매끄러운 마무리감을 선사합니다.
  • While its creamy foam gently removes skin impurities, / milk protein full of nutrients provides a moist, smooth finish.
  • 크리미한 거품이 피부 노폐물을 부드럽게 제거해주면서 / 풍부한 영양으로 가득한 우유 단백질이 촉촉하고 매끄러운 마무리감을 선사하는 / 마일드한 사용감의 폼 클렌징입니다.
  • While its creamy foam gently removes skin impurities, / milk protein full of nutrients provides a moist, smooth finish. / It’s a foam cleanser with mild texture.

References

  • “How was Hangul Invented?” King Sejong. N.p., 2013. Web.
  • “Cultural Heritage, the Source for Koreans’ Strength and Dream.” Un.org. Apr 20, 2014.
  • “Romanization of Korean.” korean.go.kr. N.p., 2000. Web.
  • Park, Cheong Hee. “한국어와 영어의 생략 현상에 대한 통계적 접근.” Thesis. 민족어문학회, 2012. Kstudy.com. 2012. Web.
  • Wikipedia contributors. “Konglish.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 31 Mar. 2016. Web.
  • .., News From. “South Korea: New Seoul Slogan Sparks ‘Konglish’ Debate.” BBC News. N.p., 29 Oct. 2015. Web.
  • The Korea Tourism Organization Presents a New Vision to Attract 20 Million Tourists. Korea Tourism Organization, 8 Aug. 2014. Web.
  • Wikipedia contributors. “Korean speech levels.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 13 Apr. 2016. Web.
  • Namu Wiki Contributors. “한국어의 존비어 문화.” Namu.wiki. Namu Wiki, 1 May 2016. Web.
  • Lee, Junghwan. “[중랑구] 중랑구, 공공문장 바로쓰기 수도권에서 첫 실시.” Herald Corporation. N.p., 9 Mar. 2016. Web.
  • Wikipedia contributors. “Pyeong.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 9 Apr. 2016. Web.

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